Armed Forces protected from vexatious claims in important step
New laws to protect military personnel and veterans from vexatious claims and the cycle of re-investigations will be introduced today. (18th March 2020)
As part of the Overseas Operations (Service Personnel and Veterans) Bill, serving and former Armed Forces personnel will have more legal protection from prosecution for alleged historical offences resulting from overseas operations.
This new law is an important step in the Government’s ongoing commitment to provide life-long support to military personnel to whom a vast debt of gratitude is owed, and recognises the unique burden and pressures felt by military personnel during overseas conflict.
The introduction of the law follows operations in recent years giving rise to an unprecedented number of legal claims.
For example, military operations in Iraq resulted in nearly 1,000 compensation claims against the Ministry of Defence for unlawful detention, personal injury and death. There were also approximately 1,400 judicial review claims against the MOD seeking investigations and compensation for a variety of alleged human rights violations.
This series of long-drawn-out investigations and litigation led to uncertainty among military personnel and others called upon to give evidence.
Defence Secretary Ben Wallace said:
For decades the men and women of our Armed Forces have been faced with the prospect of repeated investigations by inquest and police – despite the vast majority having acted in accordance with the rule of law and often at great personal risk.
That is why the Government will today legislate to protect our veterans against repeated reinvestigations where there is no new and compelling evidence against them, and to end vexatious claims against our Armed Forces.
Minister for Defence People and Veterans Johnny Mercer said:
Today we deliver on our promise to tackle vexatious claims and end the cycle of re-investigations against our Armed Forces.
This package of legal measures will reduce the unique pressure faced by personnel who perform exceptional feats in incredibly difficult and complex circumstances.
This important next step has gone further than any other Government before to protect military personnel who put their life in jeopardy to protect us.
The new law will:
- Introduce a presumption that once five years have elapsed from the date of an incident, it will be exceptional for a prosecutor to determine that a service person or veteran should be prosecuted for alleged offences on operations outside the UK. The Bill will create a new ‘triple lock’ in order to give service personnel and veterans greater certainty, including obtaining the consent of the Attorney General before a prosecution can proceed.
- Require the court to consider the operational context when deciding whether to extend the normal time limits for bringing civil claims for personal injury or death and for bringing claims under the Human Rights Act (HRA) in connection with overseas operations.
- Introduce a longstop restricting to an absolute maximum of six years the time limit for bringing civil claims for personal injury or death and for bringing HRA claims in connection with overseas operations.
- Ensure that all future governments are compelled to consider derogating from the European Convention on Human Rights in relation to significant overseas military operations.
- The new law follows a consultation launched last July which heard the public’s views on new proposals.
Alongside this, the Government is today setting out how we propose to address the legacy of the past in Northern Ireland in a way that focuses on reconciliation, delivers for victims, and ends the cycle of reinvestigations into the Troubles – ensuring that Northern Ireland veterans receive equal treatment to their counterparts who served overseas.